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  • Writer's pictureMerlyn

From Screens to Self-Esteem: How Social Media Affects Canadian Teens' Mental Health

As social media becomes increasingly embedded in the lives of Canadian youth, understanding its psychological impact is crucial for parents and educators. While these platforms provide meaningful connections, their overuse can contribute to several mental health issues among children and teens. Here’s a closer look at the specific mental health concerns caused by excessive social media use and practical strategies to mitigate these effects.

A sad looking girl with smeared make-up holds a sign with a smiley face in front of her mouth.

Specific Mental Health Issues Caused by Social Media Overuse

1. Anxiety and Depression:

   - Description: Constant exposure to curated images of peers can lead to feelings of inadequacy and low self-esteem, which are closely linked to anxiety and depression.

   - Strategy: Promote a balanced online-offline life. Encourage teens to engage in offline activities that boost self-esteem, such as sports, arts, or social clubs.

2. Sleep Disturbances:

   - Description: Blue light from screens can disrupt the natural sleep cycle, leading to insomnia and poor sleep quality, which affect overall mental health.

   - Strategy: Encourage a 'digital curfew' at least an hour before bedtime and keep devices out of bedrooms to help teens establish a healthy sleep routine.

3. Eating Disorders:

   - Description: Social media platforms often showcase idealized body images, which can influence body dissatisfaction and promote unhealthy eating habits or disorders.

   - Strategy: Educate teens about body positivity and the misleading nature of online portrayals. Encourage dialogue about media literacy to critique and understand social media content critically.

4. Cyberbullying:

   - Description: Social media can be a conduit for cyberbullying, which can lead to anxiety, depression, and even suicidal thoughts.

   - Strategy: Implement robust anti-bullying policies and digital etiquette programs in schools. Provide a supportive environment where students can report cyberbullying safely.

5. Social Anxiety:

   - Description: Paradoxically, while social media helps connect teens, it can also lead to social anxiety as youths may fear actual interpersonal interactions.

   - Strategy: Facilitate face-to-face social interactions through group activities and workshops that encourage real-life connections and communication skills.

Implementing Effective Strategies in Schools and Homes

To combat these issues, schools and parents must work collaboratively:

- Promote Digital Literacy: Programs that educate students about the psychological tricks and business models of social media platforms can demystify their allure and reduce their impact.

- Open Lines of Communication: Create open channels where teens feel comfortable discussing their online experiences and mental health concerns without judgment.

- Professional Support: Schools should have accessible mental health resources, including counsellors trained to deal with digital-related mental health issues. Parents should consider therapy if their child shows signs of severe mental health distress.


While social media is here to stay, its impact on mental health are concerning. By understanding the specific issues and implementing strategic interventions, we can help Canadian youth navigate these platforms healthily and positively.


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